Paws in Motion

Fitness and Conditioning

Neurological problems stem from the pet’s nervous system: the brain, spinal cord and nerves, and can lead to unsteady walking or even paralysis of the legs.

Whether your pet is a finely tuned athlete or an overweight couch potato, they could benefit from a fitness and conditioning exercise programme. 

Benefits of Conditioning and Fitness

Fitness and conditioning is important in working dogs, dogs who love trail running and hiking Hong Kong’s great country park trails, dogs that love swimming off our fabulous beaches, and even all the ‘non-competitive’ athletes, who spends their weekends playing with their mates at the dog park.

A common misconception about physical therapy for pets is that it is only necessary after an injury has occurred. Just as an athlete sees their trainer, physiotherapist or podiatrist to prevent injury; so too should our canine athletes who are exposed to similar stresses as they place heavy demands on their musculoskeletal system during their work and play.

Of course, we never know when an injury will occur, but it is always best to prevent injury or identify small problems before they progress. Monitoring for pain and osteoarthritis is wise in any pet.

Senior athletes at play

Old age is not a disease and aging athletes will continue to benefit from exercise. Many working dogs reach age ten or older before retiring. However, seniors may develop other health conditions, including arthritis, heart disease or diabetes, which may require adjustments in their exercise program or activity. Sporting events often offer different levels of competition to allow seniors to participate at lower levels of stress or impact.

Osteoarthritis management programs designed to treat the condition in the early stages will help pets remain active longer. Pain scoring as a vital sign is also an essential aspect of monitoring any veterinary patient, especially the aging canine athlete.

Injuries of canine athletes and non-athletes at play

Common sporting injuries include:

  • muscle strains (e.g., iliopsoas)
  • repeated stress injuries to joints (e.g., carpus and tarsus)
  • tendon injuries (e.g., torn Achilles)
  • ligament tears (e.g., cranial cruciate ligament rupture).

Working dogs

Working dogs, such as Scent detection, Search and rescue dogs and Guide or Assistance dogs all have vastly different requirements and fitness needs. What they do have in common is a need to stay healthy and injury free, which can be difficult in light of their often-strenuous activity.

Therapies Used in Fitness and Conditioning

By considering the type of injuries an animal could be exposed to with their lifestyle, we can tailor conditioning programmes to strengthen weak areas and prevent injury, as well as manage it.

Therapeutic exercise

A tailored therapeutic exercise programme is designed by Paws in Motion’s veterinary therapist to be muscle-specific and comprehensive to ensure it meets your individual pet’s needs. To prevent re-injury, pre-exercise stretching is key. Various training equipment is utilised to match your pet’s needs and ability.

Manual Therapy

Many specialised ‘hands-on’ techniques are used by our veterinary therapists to assess and treat joints, soft tissue abnormalities & muscles tightness. A regular routine of stretching and massage with a focus on known areas of stress can be very beneficial to ensure your pet’s continued fitness. Therapeutic massage is also used to treat muscle tension and tightness.

Thermal Therapy

Thermal therapy is the application of hot or cold elements to the body for the relief of pain and control of inflammation and swelling.

Digatherm - thermal imaging

Digital infrared thermal imaging with Digatherm helps us to visualise the pain and inflammation with a non-invasive physiological body scan that evaluates your pet’s circulation, neurological and musculoskeletal function. Thermal imaging is not a diagnosis, but a step to help us to target our treatments and identify overuse injuries in active pets.

Joint Supplements

Joint supplements with key ingredients of glucosamine, chondroitin and Omega-3 fatty acids, such as those available in bioactive green lipped muscle and deer velvet, can help to repair damage to the cells in the body and are extremely useful in improving joint health and comfort as well as helping to protect the joint structures from wear and tear.

Case Studies

Puppy Luke has been doing well on his post hip joint surgery (FHNE) rehabilitation! He's training his core muscles along with his hind legs (first part of the video) and front legs (second part) on the wobbly balance disk.

4 years old Milton came to seek our advice when his family noticed that he walks with hip wiggles. We utilized veterinary physiotherapy techniques to help with his muscle soreness, and carried on with home strengthening exercises!

Getting Treatment from Paws in Motion

Our process for neurological disorders such as spinal problems


Information and History

Initially we need to collect as much information as possible about your pet and your concerns; we will send you a detailed online questionnaire to complete. We will also reach out to your family veterinarian and /or specialist for your pet’s full medical history.


Initial Assessment

At our physiotherapy initial consultation, we assess the gait and movement of your pet, review their medical history and perform a thorough physical assessment to understand individual requirements and fitness needs.


Treatment plan

Working together with you, we then tailor a conditioning programme which meets the needs and goals of your individual pet. The programme will generally include a variety of therapies and home care for you to continue at home, alongside our treatments.


Ongoing therapy and evaluation

We are here to support your pet’s fitness journey, as much or as little as you need us. Online consultations and video reviews can help to keep you on the right path.

Paws in Motion

"Making Pets Fit for Life!"

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